The Sultanate of Oman is the gateway to the Arabian Gulf and was for thousands of years the focus of the frankincense trade route. An ancient nation of maritime traders Oman’s empire at one point extended down the East African mainland as far as Zanzibar. Strategically situated between India and Europe, the influence of Oman’s historical trading partners has left its mark on the population, which is both tolerant and cosmopolitan. Arabic is the official language, although English is widely spoken in some areas.
The Musandam peninsula is completely separated from the main body of Oman by a stretch of land belonging to the United Arab Emirates. Musandam has developed distinct language dialects and cultural mores. A huge pale limestone massif with steep strata crossed cliffs descending into the sea, the Musandam peninsula has remained isolated from the rest of Arabia and is still very remote. The area is sparsely populated by the Shihuh tribe, who for centuries have been carving a precarious existence from the seas. Some villages can only be accessed by boat. The capital of Musandam, Khasab, has a population of around 16,000 inhabitants.
The Musandam peninsula is separated from the rest of Oman by the United Arab Emirates. Geographically, the area is characterised by large sawtooth mountains, which fall dramatically into the sea. The coastline itself is carved into countless fjords, bays and islands. The stunning scenery above the surface is reflected underwater by impressive drop offs and an incredible diversity of healthy corals, encouraging strong currents
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Temperatures remain high throughout the year. The coastal areas have a hot and humid season from May to September (average 32-40 degrees C). The humidity during the hottest months can affect air visibility. From October to April air temperatures are pleasant during the day and cool at night. The annual rainfall in most parts of Oman rarely exceeds 125mm and generally the weather is good.
Other activities include desert safaris, exotic bird watching and rock climbing
Please always check your own entry requirements regardless of your nationality. Your passport should always have at least 6 months validity on date of return from travel. Always check for last minute chances in entry requirements and other nationalities should check with their consular office.
Vaccination requirements are subject to change and should be confirmed before departure. For the most up to date advice please consult your travel clinic or GP.
There are no compulsory vaccinations for travel to Oman, but we recommend protection against typhoid, tetanus, hepatitis A and polio.